Introduction – Electricity Used By A Home
Do you know how much electricity your home uses per day, per month or per year? In the United States, the average household uses 854 kWh of electricity per month, or 10,244 kWh of electricity per year. This means the average household uses 28 kWh of electricity every day. Below we present electricity use in other countries.
Average Electricity Consumption Per Year, Month and Day
Here we present the average consumption for year, month and day use. We use the US government’s EIA aggregate electricity reports for June 2023 to calculate the annual, monthly and daily figures. These figures are the latest as of Aug 2023. See below for a description of the methods.
Average household electricity consumption per year is 10,244 kWh (kilowatt hours).
Average electricity consumption per month is 854 kWh.
Average electricity consumption per day is 28 kWh.
These numbers are for a U.S. residential utility customer, which basically means a household or apartment unit.
Single Household – Instantaneous Usage
The power needs of a house at any instant then is on average 1.2 – 2.4 kilowatts.
[Update: aggregate figures are new as of Aug 31st, 2023; Statistics for state figures haven’t been released and remain unchanged.]
Summary Table For Average Household Electricity Use Per Day, Month And Year
Here is the average household electricity summarized into a table.
|Frequency||Average Household Usage (kWh = kilowatt hours)|
|Per Year||10,244 kWh|
|Per Month||854 kWh|
|Per Day||28 kWh|
|Instantaneous||1-3 kW (kilowatts)|
Notes On Calculations And Data Sources
To calculate the annual, monthly and daily figures, we used the aggregate electricity use by residential customers reported by the EIA on a rolling basis until April 2023 which was 1,472,524,000,000 kWh. We also used the total number of US residential units, which according to estimates using the latest census figures are 143,786,655.
To get the instantaneous usage, we note that the number of hours in a year is 365 times 24 = 8760 hours. Then on average, at any one time, your house is using 10,244 kWh divided by 8760 hours, which is 1.20 kilowatts. If most of the load is during the day, then we can approximate it to be double at 2.4 kilowatts.
Average Household Electricity Use By State, and Cost Per kWh
For each state, below are the average daily kWh, average monthly kWh and average annual kWh. We also provide the cost of electricity per kWh.
Electricity Use Daily
(average daily kWh)
Electricity Use Monthly
(average monthly kWh)
Electricity Use Yearly
(average yearly kWh)
|Alabama||37 kWh||1,145 kWh||13,737 kWh||$144||$0.13|
|Alaska||18 kWh||552 kWh||6,628 kWh||$125||$0.23|
|Arizona||36 kWh||1,114 kWh||13,364 kWh||$137||$0.12|
|Arkansas||34 kWh||1,060 kWh||12,720 kWh||$110||$0.10|
|California||20 kWh||605 kWh||7,259 kWh||$120||$0.20|
|Colorado||23 kWh||711 kWh||8,533 kWh||$88||$0.12|
|Connecticut||23 kWh||703 kWh||8,433 kWh||$154||$0.22|
|DC||20 kWh||631 kWh||7,567 kWh||$74||$0.12|
|Delaware||30 kWh||935 kWh||11,214 kWh||$116||$0.12|
|Florida||37 kWh||1,142 kWh||13,698 kWh||$129||$0.11|
|Georgia||35 kWh||1,081 kWh||12,974 kWh||$130||$0.12|
|Hawaii||17 kWh||537 kWh||6,446 kWh||$163||$0.30|
|Idaho||31 kWh||955 kWh||11,463 kWh||$95||$0.10|
|Illinois||23 kWh||698 kWh||8,376 kWh||$89||$0.13|
|Indiana||30 kWh||938 kWh||11,259 kWh||$120||$0.13|
|Iowa||28 kWh||865 kWh||10,380 kWh||$108||$0.12|
|Kansas||28 kWh||883 kWh||10,598 kWh||$114||$0.13|
|Kentucky||35 kWh||1,073 kWh||12,878 kWh||$117||$0.11|
|Louisiana||39 kWh||1,201 kWh||14,407 kWh||$116||$0.10|
|Maine||18 kWh||567 kWh||6,802 kWh||$93||$0.16|
|Maryland||31 kWh||964 kWh||11,570 kWh||$122||$0.13|
|Massachusetts||20 kWh||610 kWh||7,323 kWh||$126||$0.21|
|Michigan||22 kWh||676 kWh||8,107 kWh||$110||$0.16|
|Minnesota||25 kWh||775 kWh||9,298 kWh||$102||$0.13|
|Mississippi||37 kWh||1,146 kWh||13,756 kWh||$128||$0.11|
|Missouri||33 kWh||1,028 kWh||12,333 kWh||$115||$0.11|
|Montana||28 kWh||858 kWh||10,299 kWh||$96||$0.11|
|Nebraska||33 kWh||1,013 kWh||12,156 kWh||$109||$0.11|
|Nevada||31 kWh||971 kWh||11,648 kWh||$110||$0.11|
|New Hampshire||20 kWh||622 kWh||7,469 kWh||$115||$0.18|
|New Jersey||22 kWh||673 kWh||8,079 kWh||$107||$0.16|
|New Mexico||22 kWh||670 kWh||8,039 kWh||$87||$0.13|
|New York||19 kWh||600 kWh||7,197 kWh||$107||$0.18|
|North Carolina||34 kWh||1,041 kWh||12,490 kWh||$118||$0.11|
|North Dakota||35 kWh||1,085 kWh||13,023 kWh||$113||$0.10|
|Ohio||29 kWh||888 kWh||10,656 kWh||$109||$0.12|
|Oklahoma||35 kWh||1,078 kWh||12,938 kWh||$109||$0.10|
|Oregon||30 kWh||916 kWh||10,995 kWh||$102||$0.11|
|Pennsylvania||27 kWh||822 kWh||9,863 kWh||$106||$0.13|
|Rhode Island||19 kWh||599 kWh||7,187 kWh||$130||$0.22|
|South Carolina||35 kWh||1,081 kWh||12,968 kWh||$138||$0.13|
|South Dakota||33 kWh||1,037 kWh||12,441 kWh||$122||$0.12|
|Tennessee||38 kWh||1,168 kWh||14,020 kWh||$126||$0.11|
|Texas||37 kWh||1,132 kWh||13,583 kWh||$133||$0.12|
|Utah||25 kWh||769 kWh||9,226 kWh||$80||$0.10|
|Vermont||18 kWh||567 kWh||6,806 kWh||$111||$0.20|
|Virginia||35 kWh||1,095 kWh||13,143 kWh||$132||$0.12|
|Washington||31 kWh||969 kWh||11,634 kWh||$96||$0.10|
|West Virginia||34 kWh||1,051 kWh||12,615 kWh||$124||$0.12|
|Wisconsin||22 kWh||694 kWh||8,331 kWh||$99||$0.14|
|Wyoming||28 kWh||869 kWh||10,432 kWh||$97||$0.11|
We also created graphical versions of these tables to make them easier to refer to for the electricity per day, month, and year. Because electricity costs varied between states, we pulled them from EIA for easy look-up.
Observations Of Average Electricity Use By State
Surprisingly, Louisiana had the highest monthly electricity consumption at 1200 kWh per residential customer, and equally surprisingly Hawaii had the lowest at 537 kWh. So the highest is more than twice as high as the lowest! Remember that the US monthly average is 868 kWh.
What’s also interesting is that the rates paid by households in each state was wildly different. At the low end paying close to $0.10 per kWh are Arkansas, Idaho, Louisiana, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Utah and Washington. And at the high end, paying about three times more is Hawaii at $0.30 per kWh. Alaska is a distant second highest paying $0.23 per kWh.
Reducing the carbon footprint from your home’s power use is a theme we will post a lot on in the future. As a primer for these posts we are going to look at how much electricity households use around the world, and what per person use is in different countries.
Average Household Electricity Use Around The World – 2023
About 90% of people in the world have access to electricity. This figure increased from 2010-2020 but then dropped since the COVID pandemic. But despite the fact more people are getting access to electricity we use very different amounts of it.
Using data from the World Energy Council we can compare how much electricity the average electrified household uses in different countries.
We also present data from IEA.org updated for 2023. This is in tabular form instead of a chart so you can copy and paste it. Note we’ve ordered it as the chart so its ranked in “kWh per household”. What should stand out is that the numbers haven’t moved too much. Canada and United States really stand out. We included also the number of households. You can see that Sweden is a much smaller country but uses more electricity than Australia or France which are larger. Notably Sweden’s electricity is very low in carbon because of hydro and nuclear.
|Country||Number of households||kWh per Household (annual)|
Across the countries we chose to compare household electricity use varies enormously. The average American or Canadian household in 2010 used about twenty times more than the typical Nigerian household, and two to three times more than a typical European home.
Comparing The US, France, UK and China
In the US typical household power consumption is about 11,700 kWh each year, in France it is 6,400 kWh, in the UK it is 4,600 kWh and in China around 1,300 kWh. The global average electricity consumption for households with electricity was roughly 3,500 kWh in 2010.
There are numerous things that drive these differences, including wealth, physical house size, appliance standards, electricity prices and access to alternative cooking, heating and cooling fuels.
Factors That Explain Why Consumption In China Is Low And India Is Even Lower
Perhaps the most surprising thing in this chart is that the global average is as high as 3,500 kWh/year, given that the figures for India and China are so low. Two things explain this, household size and electrification rates.
In China about 99% of people have electricity and average household size is around 3. In India these are 66% and 5 respectively and in Nigeria 50% and 5. Average household size in most wealthy countries is closer to 2.5 people. As a result the distribution of electrified households is more skewed towards wealthy countries than population in general.
Global Home Electricity Use Per Person
By taking residential electricity use and dividing it by population we can look at how much electricity the average person uses at home in each country. Unlike in our previous graph this chart takes in to account all the people in each country, so for places where electricity access is not universal the figures are lower.
Although the graphs look very similar there are some striking differences.
Americans Use 5X More Power Than Global Average
Each American uses about 4,500 kWh per year in their home. This is about six times that of the global average per capita, or more than five times the average for those who have electricity access.
The variation between developed countries is also quite stark. While the US and Canada are up around 4,500 kWh per person the UK and Germany are below 2,000 kWh. In Brazil, Mexico and China per person use is just 500 kWh, but growth is very different. In Brazil residential use per person has been stable over the last 20 years, whereas in Mexico it is up 50% and in China it has increased 600%.
Where Is Yours Like?
Our household electricity use has been 2,000 kWh each of the last few years, which means it is about 700 kWh per person. We benefit from not using electricity for heating or cooling, although our electric oven is a big source of demand.
That makes us a Brazilian family, but global people 😉
How do you stack up?
For the average household electricity use across the US we use the rolling updated 12 months electricity use published by the EIA, which means the data is very fresh, only about 3 months behind. Therefore, if its July right now, the data shows the 12 month electricity consumption up until Apr only 3 months ago. This is a change in our methodology as before we had used annual published figures. Specifically we’re using Table 5_01 here. If the link has changed, then navigate to the data page and go to “Sales” and navigate the menu as below. The last item contains two links, XLS and Interactive that lead to rolling 12 month electricity use.
- Retail sales of electricity to ultimate customers
For the average household electricity use in each state, we use the annual electricity sales by state compiled by the EIA. There are year-to-date figures by state, annual figures and monthly figures but no rolling annual figures so these are updated less frequently.
I founded Shrink That Footprint in November 2012, after a long period of research. For many years I have calculated, studied and worked with carbon footprints, and Shrink That Footprint is that interest come to life.
I have an Economics degree from UCL, have previously worked as an energy efficiency analyst at BNEF and continue to work as a strategy consultant at Maneas. I have consulted to numerous clients in energy and finance, as well as the World Economic Forum.
When I’m not crunching carbon footprints you’ll often find me helping my two year old son tend to the tomatoes, salad and peppers growing in our upcycled greenhouse.