Average electricity prices around the world: $/kWh

Average electricity prices $/kWh

Australia and Germany each just had an election.  In both cases electricity prices were an election issue.  That seems fair enough given that in both countries they are paying significant more $/kWh than most countries

But now Nova Scotia is heading to the polls and electricity prices are a key issue because they have ‘rocketed’ to 0.15 $/kWh (Canadian).  That is indeed high by Canadian standards, but it is a bargain globally.

Out of curiosity I thought I’d crunch the numbers to see who really is paying a lot for their power.

Electricity prices around the world in $/kWh

It doesn’t matter where you go in the world, people love to moan about the cost of electricity.

This begs the question, where is electricity actually expensive and where is it cheap.  Or better yet, is my electricity cheap or expensive?

To try and answer this question I’ve collected average electricity prices from 17 countries around the world, and converted them to $/kWh (US).  All the data is based on average prices and exchange rates for 2011, and I’ve graphed them in US cents/kWh to keep it tidy.Average electricity rates

Let’s start with the obvious.  Denmark, Germany and Spain have expensive electricity.  In fact in straight dollar terms Denmark is trumped only by small island countries dependent on imported diesel for power.

Canadian electricity is cheap at 10 US cents per kilowatt hour, which is reflected in their high average electricity usage. US electricity prices at 0.12 $/kWh are also quite cheap internationally.  In India and China they are very cheap.

I find this comparison pretty useful.  And the reasons behind the differences are quite diverse.  But there are two issues with this.  One, electricity prices are on the move in many places, South Africa, Australia and Nigeria come to mind.  And secondly, basic exchange rate conversions aren’t always the best measure of how expensive something really is.

The first is just something to be aware of.  And despite my best efforts I couldn’t gather consistent data for 2012.  The second however can be accounted for by considering purchasing power parities.

The relative price of electricity

Our initial comparison of electricity prices didn’t account for the fact that price levels vary a lot between countries.  For example a US dollar will go a lot further buying goods and services in relatively cheap India than it will in relatively expensive Australia.

If we look at the same average electricity prices for 2011 but this time adjust them to US dollars using purchasing power parity the picture look slightly different.

Relatively electricity prices

Once you adjust for the different price levels between countries Canadians have the cheapest electricity and Germans the most expensive.

Places like Nigeria and India have jumped up the list due to their lower price levels, while countries including Denmark, Australia and Japan have fallen because they are relatively expensive places to live.  In general accounting for purchasing power lessened the difference between countries, but significant differences remain.

Which brings me back to Nova Scotia.  Paying 12 US cents/kWh is expensive in Canada.

Just don’t moan about it abroad!

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  • http://earthsociety.org/ Philosopher Rex

    If people want lower energy costs, then going to the polls isn’t going to help – you can’t vote more energy out of the ground and politicians are scientists.

    If you want lower energy costs, then you want more energy and that means funding research into energy production. If you don’t want to support the status quo, then support independent open-source fusion research: http://protonboron.com

  • Jenny Sommer

    I don’t know where you are getting this prices from.
    Do you have any idea how much you have to pay per kWh in Germany right now (consumer price for 2015 including taxes, EEG-Umlage and everything else)?

    You are free to cheat and ask a German friend to help you.

  • Woods

    Glad Spain is at the top. In Spain you pay 800 Euro a year just to be connected even if you don’t use any electric!

    • Jenny Sommer

      Can you tell us what you really pay per kWh when you switch to the cheapest rates?

  • Kenny Rose

    the countries with the most reliance on renewables have the highest electric bills

    • Jenny Sommer

      No. Electricity bills are actually low. Power is actually very cheap in Germany. Just have a look what makes up the bill.
      The worst countries are those heavily depending on imported fossil generation…Greece.
      Greece could instead be exporting solar power at a profit.

      Historically Germany and Denmark always had high prices and the best grids in Europe. Now with renewables power is very cheap…good for industry.

  • KyleRees

    Germany has the highest electricity prices because they have turned to unproven and highly expensive generation like wind, solar, and biofuels. All of the idiots commenting on how the big oil guys they are greedy corporations, however how do they explain for the the lowest cost in the U.S.?

    • Jenny Sommer

      Germany always had higher than average electricity prices and the second highest grid/service quality.

      You have to compare the cost of power. Take out everything else from the bill.
      German reliable power is also worth more than more unreliable US grid power.
      Compare the bills…you will notice that German bills are lower compared to US bills.
      Maybe the US could redyce it’s footprint by increasing energy cost.
      That would help.

      Btw, real electricity prices are around 17ct/kWh in Germany. You can just switch to the cheapest supplier in under 5 minutes online, no fee or extra charges.
      Industrial power is among the cheapest in Germany compared to the rest of Europe.

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